Toyota Electrified Vehicles
Toyota has been at the forefront of the electrification of the automotive industry.
Starting with the groundbreaking release of the Prius in 1997, Toyota has continually pursued sustainable drivetrains.
In January of 2021, 23% of all vehicles sold by Toyota in Canada were electrified – paving the way for a more environmentally friendly mobility landscape in the coming years.
From hybrid electric (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) that are widely available today, to Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles and fully battery electric vehicles that are planned to take the forefront in the lineup in coming years, Toyota is sure to lead the way in the electrification of the auto industry.
Toyota plans to have a fully electrified lineup in the coming years – a truly exciting future for Toyota and its loyal customers.
Electric vehicles aren’t just made for the environmentally conscious – they’re made for everyday drivers that desire the latest technology, best engineering, and improved performance in their vehicle.
Toyota is planning to introduce two new Battery Electric vehicles in 2021, and will foreseeably be adding more in the future.
A Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is a hybrid vehicle that utilizes both a gas-powered engine, and a battery powered motor. The difference between a PHEV and a traditional hybrid vehicle is a larger battery capacity that allows for increased battery-only driving. Additionally, the electric battery can be recharged by plugging the vehicle in, where a traditional hybrid electric vehicle is solely recharged by its gas-powered engine.
The life expectancy of a battery in an electric car is something that is difficult to specifically pinpoint, however, with Toyota’s experience in producing hybrid vehicles, there is plenty of data to support a long lifespan. Over 98% of hybrid electric vehicles sold by Toyota since 2001 have never had a battery replacement, indicating a long-lasting, reliable battery. Additionally, 2020 and newer model year vehicles from Toyota include a 10-year/240,000 km warranty on hybrid electric batteries.
A hybrid electric vehicle will have a longer driving range than a battery electric vehicle, due to the ability to recharge on the go. However, with regular improvements in battery technology, we can expect for battery electric vehicles to achieve hundreds of kilometers in range on a single charge moving forward.
BEV is an acronym for “Battery Electric Vehicle”
PHEV is an acronym for “Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle”
FCEV is an acronym for “Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicle”
HEV is an acronym for “Hybrid Electric Vehicle”
ICE is an acronym for Internal combustion engine – the type of engine that most of us are familiar with where gasoline is burned to produce power.
A battery electric vehicle has zero emissions while driving, but do have the consequence of higher upstream C02 emissions. What this means is that the production of the vehicle produces more C02 than most cars produced today. Additionally, a battery electric vehicle needs to be charged, and the source of that electricity likely includes emissions as well. A battery electric vehicle that is recharged by an electric grid that uses primarily fossil fuels has the negative consequence of those upstream emissions. However, as energy grids shift to renewables, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric energy, the source of power for recharging the vehicle contributes fewer emissions. With this being said, the transmission of electricity from a natural-gas power plant through an electric power grid remains more efficient than an internal combustion engine.
An all-electric Battery Electric Vehicle is expected to have lower service costs than a traditional internal combustion or hybrid electric vehicle due to fewer moving parts, no need for oil changes, and fewer wear and tear items. A BEV does rely on a costly battery however which will degrade over time, which could be costly to replace after a lengthy period of ownership. With Battery Electric Vehicles being a newer technology than what is currently available in the market, the true lifetime cost of ownership remains to be seen.
A Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle is a vehicle that runs on hydrogen, which produces only water as a byproduct.
Hydrogen gas is produced through a process called electrolysis, which is basically running an electric current through water to break it down into its two base elements – Hydrogen and Oxygen.
A Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle like the Toyota Mirai is powered by hydrogen. In the case of the Mirai, it works similarly to a modern hybrid electric vehicle, where hydrogen gas powers the vehicle directly when required by driving conditions, but switches to battery power when optimal. The Hydrogen powered engine recharges the battery similar to how a hybrid vehicle recharges its battery with the internal combustion engine.